Of the Indian Civil Service ; and of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-law, Meriber of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Asiatic. India today—this is the story that this brief history of India tells. Themes of Downloaded April. Good book for India Civil Service and State Civil Service exam preparation. For a short revision purpose summary of each chapter at the end of.

Brief History Of India Pdf

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Share Your Materials at [email protected] Share this post to the needy aspirants. A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum) New PDF. Share Your Materials at [email protected] Share this post to the needy aspirants. A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum) PDF. Major Events in Indian History: BC. Mauryan Empire is founded by. Chandragupta. Maurya in Magadha after he defeats the. Nanda dynasty and.

They also sometimes used fire arrows.

Archers were frequently protected by infantry equipped with shields, javelins, and longswords. The Guptas also maintained a navy , allowing them to control regional waters. Samudragupta seized the kingdoms of Shichchhatra and Padmavati early in his reign. Later, he took the Kota kingdom and attacked the tribes in Malvas , the Yaudheyas , the Arjunayanas , the Maduras and the Abhiras. He also subjugated the remnants of the Kushan Empire. By his death in , he had conquered over twenty kingdoms.

After finishing his campaign in the East and West India, he proceeded northwards, subjugated the Parasikas, [10] then the Hunas and the Kambojas tribes located in the west and east Oxus valleys respectively. Skandagupta faced with invading Indo-Hephthalites or White Huns , from the northwest.

Skandagupta had warred against the Huns during the reign of his father, and was celebrated throughout the empire as a great warrior. He crushed the Huns invasion in , and managed to keep them at bay; however, the expense of the wars drained the empire's resources and contributed to its decline The Classical age[ edit ] Empire of Harsha[ edit ] Emperor Harsha — ruled the Empire of Harsha covering northern India for over forty years.

A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum) PDF Free Download

His father, a king of Thanesar , had gained prominence by successful wars against the Huns. Harsha had plans to conquer the whole of India, and carried on wars for thirty years with considerable success.

By he had built up a vast army with which he conquered nearly all North India up to the Narmada river. He defeated the Pallava king Mahendravarman and conquered the Cheras and the Pandyas. His greatest military success, the defeat of Harshavardhana also known as Harsha , depleted his treasury, forcing him to end his expansionist campaigns.

He invaded Vatapi with an army headed by his general Paranjothi. He defeated the Chalukyas, killing Pulakeshin II in Clashes between the Chalukyas and the Pallavas continued for a century, until the Chalukya king Vikramaditya II won a decisive victory against the Pallavas in The Rashtrakutas overthrew the Chalukya empire in The Chalukyas of this period are known as the Kalyani Chalukyas, as Kalyani was their capital.

They clashed intermittently with the Cholas. The Cholas were the first rulers of the Indian subcontinent to maintain a navy and use it to expand their dominion overseas. Vijayalaya Chola defeated the Pallavas and captured Thanjavur.

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Uttama Chola reigned Inscriptions tell that at least from his time, Chola warriors wore waist coats of armour. The battle of Plassey in laid the foundation for British dominance in India.


Robert Clive Major-General presided over a greater and stronger military organization and defeated Siraj-ud-daula, including the armies of Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal at Buxar in After finishing off the Mysore and Marathas by , it was already safe to say that India was a part of the mighty British Empire. Although other wars and conflicts followed such as the Anglo-Sikh War, the real threat to their sovereignty emerged with Gandhism and other figures of the national movement.

The backlash against Britain rule hastened in the 19 th century. The considerable income disparity permeated every aspect of the struggle an ordinary Indian faced in its lifetime.

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Peasant and Tribal movements rose to the surface, demanding better rights, lesser cruelty and sometimes bigger autonomy. Nonetheless, the revolt which put an end to British East India Company marked the beginning of the liberation stage. The riot was caused as a consequence of the policies imposed by the Company. Taxation of the low class became an unbearable burden followed by higher tariffs for Indian products, summary evictions, and other discriminatory policies.

It was evident that British politics gravitated toward socio-religious interference, among other things.

Sepoys Indian soldiers serving under the British also voiced their discontent due to the industrial, socio, and economic slump that hit the nation.

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It resulted in a total abolition of the East India Company and returning the authority to the Queen in While the administration underwent massive modifications and the army was under a wave of reorganization, ethical tensions were on the rise. The economic and sociological predicament galvanized the Indians into action. On the ground that Indians could no longer cope with obscurantism, polytheism, superstition, idolatry, degraded status for both men and women, the need for changes cropped up.

Their position rendered the demands impossible, therefore, only an organized protest could salvage the situation. No country up to that point could have easily escaped the British hegemony and slipped from its grasp.

What caused this outrageous call for changes, was the lack of education and opportunities for the average Indian. The impact of Western culture infiltrated their society and endangered the national pride.

As a result, the idea of democracy and nationalism came into play during the late 19th century. His methods and non-violence protests became a worldwide sensation and attracted wide publicity.

In the meantime, he established his rhetoric and became hailed as a great leader and political figure.

Also, Gandhi managed to polish up his techniques of opposition by gathering influential people and leading the civil-rights movement. He was involved in the following protests: The last two years of British Rule in India were followed by a series of demands and by it seemed inevitable that Britain is losing its power in India.

The demoralization among bureaucracy and the loyalist only hastened the downfall. Prior to the announcement, the Congress rejected the possibility of Partition or the creation of a self-governing Muslim state modern day Pakistan. Jinnah was transformed into the voice of all Indian Muslims, and his demands ultimately changed the Cabinet Mission plan.

With the Partition, Pakistan was recognized as a sovereign state on 14 th of August, , while India declared its independence a day later. Although many believed that the Partition would allay the fears and alleviate the tensions, the dispute continues between these neighboring nations.

The Indian National Congress won the first general elections in and remained the leading political force in India up until when the Janata coalition seized control. Understand your enemy 2.

Never end the fight 3. Strive for broadness. For centuries India has been a battleground for material-thirsty conquerors who plundered the people.

The fight for sovereignty represents the foundation that should be used for further economic and social improvements.The use of chariots had declined heavily by the time of the Guptas, as they had not proved very useful against the Greeks , Scythians , and other invaders.

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Hence, one regiment was called Niyayam-Uttama-Chola-tterinda-andalakattalar. The company managed to maintain its status up until when it was dissolved. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The last two years of British Rule in India were followed by a series of demands and by it seemed inevitable that Britain is losing its power in India.